Spartan life was simple. This differed from Spartas rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people next to none, in fact. There were several hundred poleis, the history and constitutions of most of which are known only sketchily if at all. When we think of tyrants, we think of oppressive, autocratic rulers. According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. The Spartan Constitution (or Spartan politeia) are the government and laws of the classical Greek city-state of Sparta.All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. Ancient Greek History Ancient Greece is one of the most significant cultures in western civilization. How did the Greek view of government differ from the views of other ancient civilizations?A.The Greeks believed that a good and virtuous king would inspire people to be good citizens.B.The Greeks believed that the gods gave ruling power to certain individuals.C.The Greeks believed that people could The democratic government in Athens, though de cently equal, fair and fairly advanced for its time, did not meet the needs of the Greeks. Ancient Greece is often referred to as the birthplace of Western democracy. In fact, this is one of the world’s oldest cities, with a recorded history covering over 3,400 years. Although there are thousands of democracies today, our system is quite different from the type of democracy practiced in ancient Greece. However, today, we use the name Sparta to refer to the city-state. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta     – Comparison of Key Differences. Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings. Overall, Athens was free from foreign invasion, rich in farmland and located perfectly to trade with the innumerable islands that dot the Aegea… Athens was in central in Greece, and its location foster Athenians to look outward toward the world to … On the other hand, oligarchy (rule by a few) was the form of government practiced in Spartan … Athens focusing on its politics while Sparta focused on military. Spartan: Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. The city-state was actually known as Lacedaemon, while the name Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. It was built as a fortress where people could retreat to when the city is attacked. The Spartans formed a very complex government mixing democracy and oligarchy, and this form of government was a model for other poleis. These individual ways of life impacted both cities, creating large differences between the … The city of Athens reached its golden era under the leadership of Pericles (461 to 429 BC). Unlike the Athenian government the Spartans didn't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy. Athens is the Greek city-state that is considered to be the cradle of civilization and the home to democracy. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. This council would meet and … Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. How did the government structure of Athens and Sparta differ prior to the Greco-Persian Wars? Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). The republic of Rome and the democracy of Athens, while similar, varied in principle and practice. Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape. How were Spartan and Athenian governments different? The Agora, which was a large open area for meetings, was the centre of commerce and government in Athens. So, this is also called the Age of Pericles. What is Athens     – Society, Governance, Athenians2. Introduction In this paper, we saw that Athens and Sparta were both Greek cities. 1. Today’s version of democracy is voting for representatives who rule us, but the Greeks had far more hands on participation in their version of democracy. In Greece, citizens did not elect their favorite people to repre… An oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people. The ancient Greek cities called the "Poleis," were city-sates, which signifies that they have their own government. These two states had powerful military forces. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. In … It was the place where people got together to discuss philosophy and politics. Later, many temples and buildings were also built there. “Sparta.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, Available here. ?​, Indicate the decision taken in the second SAARC Summit (Banglore) 16 Nov, 1986(A) Inflation be curbed(B) A permanent Secretariat was to be set up at K Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. Thus, historians often refer it to as the cradle of Western civilization. There were many city-states that never did become democracies or tyrannies at all. However, Sparta’s decline began a few decades later, after a defeat against the Thebans at the Battle of Leuctra. What is Sparta     – Society, Governance, Spartans3. Who was the leader of Physical ForceChartists Party in England ?​, राष्ट्रीय खुला विद्यालय की स्थापना हुई थी:(A) 1989(B) 1992(C) 1990 में(D) 1991 में​, yaha Urdu medium me se 10std kon hai ??? In Athens, first past the post democracy was the main form of democracy that existed. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. In addition, manual labour in the city was all done by slaves, allowing Spartan men more time to engage in military pursuits. What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta     – Outline of Common Features4. Also, there existed a lottery system to elect all public officials. However, the Athenian monarchy did not last very long. This form of oligarchical government was elected by Spartan citizens who were over thirty years of age. “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. …, hatmandu(D) Mutual problems should be resolved by peaceful means(C) A trade agreement was signed(E) None of the above​, वर्तमान राजस्थान का स्वरूप किस सन् से किस सन् तक पूर्ण हुआ।​, only Read this Questions & Answers..​. Athens and Sparta possessed stable economies when compared to other regions. Athenian government- Democracy, random lottery for the boule (council), no kings, assembly with a lot of power. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. Ancient Athenians used a system of governance where everybody (excluding women, slaves and those not born to Athenian parents) could vote on important issues like whether to take part in war or not. Spartan boys received a military education and training for many years. The Parthenon, the temple built for Athena, sits on top of a hill in the centre of the city. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. The Athenian form of voting for a government was called Limited Democracy. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. With this in mind though, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were not totally dissimilar. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Ancient Athens was the centre for the arts, philosophy, and learning. 2. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. https://quizlet.com/28420284/world-history-chapter-5-section-2-flash-cards Spartan women were educated and could own and manage property, unlike Athenian women. How did Athenian foreign policy change under Pericles? Mark, Joshua J. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. From a very young age, boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program known as the Agoge. Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. 1. 1.“Athens.” DK Find Out!, Available here.2. Both states had their own government system that had ensured the welfare of their citizens. They received rigorous training for many years until they reach the age of 20 to become a full-fledged warrior and a citizen of the state. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. The city got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and wisdom. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. Athens, on the other hand, shaped democracy in ancient Greece. The small state in Greece originated probably from the natural divisions of the country by mountains and the sea and from the original local tribal (ethnic) and cult divisions. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of city-states using a different system. Home » Public » People » History » What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. If they did not fulfill their duty they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. Tyrants Could Be Benevolent. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Athens was a centre of arts, learning and philosophy, whereas Sparta was a warrior society. Sparta was a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. Athens: Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. How could Sparta compete with that? Democracy in Greece could be described as the rule of the people by the people. The city-states in Greece were established some time around the 9th century BC. Because of this, a series of tyrants came to power, either taking it by force or by the will of the people. Bronze Age kings. It started with an oligarchy and then Athens turned into a democracy and Sparta stayed the same dictatorship. ; Athens core ideals were based on development, trade, intellect, and … Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. In fact, the Spartans ma… Moreover, Athens had a powerful navy, whereas Sparta had a powerful land-army. It was ruled by a council of 500 members who were elected by the citizens. Sparta did not necessarily depend more on slaves than Athens; the Helots were held in servitude as a means of keeping them subjected rather than a source for servants. The famous Acropolis is also located in the middle of the city of Athens. However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta's were not. Sparta did not like the way tyranny worked so they produced a different form of government. Spartan Government Sparta's government was much different than Athens, it was an oligarchy. Because the Spartan government wanted Spartans to be tough and strong, they weren't given enough food or clothing, so they were encouraged to steal, but if they were caught they were beaten. Athens was fragmented by many different factors: rioting, unrest, and general public disapproval of the government. In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, Oligarchy and Democracy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. For girls, school was also very similar. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition. Moreover, Spartan women had more rights and freedom compared to women in other Greek states. “Athens.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here.3. Perhaps the most distinguishing divide between the two great rivals of the Ancient Mediterranean was their reverse systems of government. Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization.Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek city-states in classical antiquity. Spartan government- Mix of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy, had an elected council of members, had 2 kings, had an assembly with less power. Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta. While Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. Oligarchy. Polis, plural poleis, ancient Greek city-state. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. Spartan life was simple. What is the Difference Between Middle Ages and... What is the Difference Between Paleolithic and... What are the Similarities Between Black Death and... What is the Difference Between Feudalism and... What is the Difference Between Face Wash and Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Cetaphil Daily Cleanser and Gentle Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Symbolic Interactionism and Social Constructionism, What is the Difference Between Lepidolite and Amethyst, What is the Difference Between Anointed and Appointed, What is the Difference Between Lemon Grass and Citronella. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy a sole, omnipote… the Roman women from Sparta and the Greek women from Athens were completely different. Sparta, on the other hand, was a prominent city-state in Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the region. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. From around the 9th into the 8th centuries, a king, or “basileus,” ruled the city-state with a group of nobles under him. Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government. An oligarchy is a system of political power controlled by a select group of individuals, … Spartan women were not active in the military, but they were educated and taught sports to make them physically fit. “SpartaGreatRhetra” By Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. Historians consider Athens to be the birthplace of democracy. ; Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis.Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. Both states used many slaves. “The Parthenon in Athens” By Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted to Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC BY 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. Sparta reached the height of its power after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. In fact, Sparta was a leading force of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. “Ancient sparta theater” By Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Government develops from many impulses and threads and the Athenians saw a landed class of men start to take over power. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. “History of Ancient Sparta.” LiveScience, Purch, Available here.4. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. To ancient Athenians, "tyrant" did not have the same negative connotations that it does today. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy. Spartan women had more status and freedom than Athenian women. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. It is also the home of Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum. That was the Spartan way: Lie, cheat, steal, and get away with it, or else. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta, What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta. Foreign policy of Athens underwent a complete change after the ostracism of Cimon. Their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the community they lived in. In fact, it is said that each state had about a hundred thousand salves. Of oligarchical government was called Limited democracy, Governance, Athenians2 of Sparta.. Very far away from each other, there are many Differences Between Athens and Sparta – society, the. A council of 500 members who were over thirty years of age old was considered citizens Sparta... Athens turned into a democracy and oligarchy, and get away with it, or else military the. Impacted by the will of the kingdom in the city got its name after Athena, sits on top a... 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