Figure 1. Not only are these rigid PVC sheets and tubes used commonly for pipes, window frames and roofing produced in the construction industry, but also for much of the safety equipment worn by the construction workers themselves. PVC has excellent electrical insulation properties, making it ideal for cabling applications. PVC is a white, brittle solid available in powder form or granules, formed through an addition polymerisation reaction between vinyl chloride monomers (Figure 1). It is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer. Comparison between the compositions of flexible polyvinyl chloride (Top) and rigid polyvinyl chloride (Bottom) [3]. In summary, PVC has the following properties: Good physical properties ; Low heat resistance ; Good chemical resistance ; Excellent transparency ; Good flame resistance; Typical End Uses. Due to its versatile properties, such as lightweight, durable, low cost and easy processability, PVC is now replacing traditional building materials like wood, metal, concrete, rubber, ceramics, etc. Available: https://www.kemi.se/en/statistics/statistics-in-brief/substances-and-substance-groups/pvc, Plasticized Polyvinyl chloride, plasticized (PPVC). In addition, it is easily altered by the addition of plasticizers, impact modifiers and other ingredients. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC or Vinyl) is an economical and versatile thermoplastic polymer widely used in building and construction industry to produce door and window profiles, pipes (drinking and wastewater), wire and cable insulation, medical devices, etc. [Online]. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) is a thermoplastic made of 57% chlorine (derived from industrial grade salt) and 43% carbon (derived predominantly from oil / gas via ethylene). In the emulsion process, PVC powder is mixed with plasticisers to produce a paste/resin, which is then used for coatings, dipping and spraying. Polyester blends combine the excellent processing characteristics of PVC with the superior physical properties of polyesters, increasing abrasion resistance, tensile strength and tear resistance. Second only to polyethylene among the plastics in production and consumption, PVC is used in an enormous range of domestic and industrial products, from raincoats and shower curtains to window frames and indoor plumbing. When used for car components, PVC thus helps to reduce the risk of injuries in case of accidents. in several applications. The PVC product is then commonly moulded into desired shapes using extrusion, injection moulding and calendering. POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) PROPERTIES PVC is the most widely used member of the vinyl family. Polyvinyl chloride, commonly referred to as PVC or Vinyl, is the world’s 3rd most synthesised thermoplastic material. Flexible PVC is used in oxygen tents, gloves, bags and tubing for blood transfusions, drips and dialysis liquids due to its chemical resistance and durability. A polyurethane blend also offers similar results with increased abrasion and chemical resistance. Figure 2.   »  Recyclability and Toxicity of PVC Its oxidation index is ≥45. It is the world’s third largest thermoplastic material by volume after polyethylene and polypropylene. A major problem in the recycling of polyvinyl chloride is the high chlorine content in raw PVC and high levels of hazardous additives added to the polymer to achieve the desired material quality. Resulting products can be PVC films, sheets, boards and tubes. Some of the key suppliers of PVC are: No Account yet? Polyvinyl chloride is a white, rigid, quite brittle, solid. We also use them to provide you more relevant information and improve our platform and search tools. This solid form can then be modified with the addition of fillers and plasticisers depending on the task at hand. Rigid PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) Unmodified polyvinylchloride is a very rigid thermoplastic. It is the world’s third largest thermoplastic material by volume after, » View all PVC commercial grades and suppliers in Omnexus Plastics Database, » Compare properties of flexible PVC Vs. rigid PVC in detail, Suspension Polymerization accounts for 80% of PVC production worldwide, Take the course - PVC Stabilizers: Decoding the Black Box to Meet Processing & Quality Needs, certain phthalates are now confirmed safe, Manufacturing Long-lasting & Efficient Fuel Cells, Maximize the Resistance of Your Polyurethanes Over Time, 1 Comments on "Comprehensive Guide on Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)", This is a great article. Compatible plasticisers can be added as softening agents to enhance some mechanical properties, while fillers can increase the stiffness, impact performance and add colour, opacity and conductivity. PVC offers excellent corrosion and weather resistance. PVC has extensive European food contact and medical approvals PVC is easy to process, long lasting, tough and light Properties. What it is made up of? The properties of the material can be varied by the addition of fillers, plasticizers, stabilizers and colourants. Rigid PVC. Construction: Polyvinyl Chloride is strong, light in weight, and durable. Properties of polyvinyl chloride. »  What are the main characteristics of PVC? How to process it? It also has very good insulation properties and is used to make electrical cables. This solid form can then be modified with the addition of fillers and plasticisers depending on the task at hand. PVC, in full polyvinyl chloride, a synthetic resin made from the polymerization of vinyl chloride. Matmatch uses cookies and similar technologies to improve your experience and measure your interactions with our website. There are two popular methods for the manufacture of PVC through the addition polymerisation process shown above: In the suspension process, the obtained PVC particles are mixed with plasticisers and can be then extruded in pellets, which are further used for extrusion, calendering, injection moulding and so on. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Products Regular and High Performance PVC EY Technologies constructs its extrusion coated braid harness yarns with high tenacity, synthetic multifilament core yarns. In fashion, furniture and all types of indoor and outdoor accessories, PVC open up functional and design opportunities that are both visually striking and fundamentally practical. There are, therefore, many different PVC products available with varying additive compositions and properties. It is a white, brittle solid material available in powder form or granules. PVC is the most sought after polymer material in the building and construction industry and currently accounts for 10.2% of the overall European plastic demand, trailing polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) [1]. Little or no maintenance is requires. Properties of polyvinyl chloride What is Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), and What is it Used For? Figure 1.Polyvinyl Chloride structure PVC is a white, brittle solid available in powder form or granules, formed through an addition polymerisationreaction between vinyl chloride monomers (Figure 1). PVC is Cheap & readily available. Properties Polyvinyl, also known as poly(vinyl chloride) or PVC, is the third most widely produced synthetic plastic. Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. It is a naturally white and very brittle (prior to the additions of plasticizers) plastic. Definition: Polymerization of vinyl chloride (monomer) results in the production of polyvinylchloride or PVC, which is its abbreviated name. Flame Retardancy: Because of its high chlorine content, PVC products are self- extinguishing. EHC 215: Vinyl Chloride _____ 14 2.2 Physical and chemical properties Some physical properties of VC are given in Table 1. This polymerisation reaction proceeds by a free-radical mechanism. Vinyl products can be broadly divided into rigid and flexible materials. Factors to be considered while selecting, Fillers are added in PVC compounds for a variety of reasons. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has become a universal polymer with many applications (e.g., for pipes, floor coverings, cable insulation, roofing sheets, packaging foils, bottles, and medical products) because of its low cost and physical, chemical, and weathering properties. Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) is manufactured by chlorinating the PVC product, typically increasing its chlorine content from 56% to 66% [2]. PVC is Biocompatible. Available: https://omnexus.specialchem.com/selection-guide/polyvinyl-chloride-pvc-plastic, [3] KEMI, “Statistics in brief - PVC,” [Online]. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) is a thermoplastic material having outstanding corrosion resistance, excellent electric insulating properties and good mechanical strength. VCM molecules are polymerized to form PVC resin, to which appropriate additives are incorporated to make a customized PVC compound. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Values SPECIFICATION SHEET All information, recommendations and suggestions appearing in this literature concerning the use of our products are based upon test and data believed to be reliable; however, it is the user's responsibility to determine the suitability for their own use of the products described herein. Glass transition temperature: 85 o C. . *Please select more than one item to compare A frequent method of processing PVC involves the suspension of solid particles of the polymer in an appropriate plasticizer. Some further uses of flexible PVC include waterproof clothing, life-jackets, inflatables and sporting goods. When subjected to heat, vinyl compounds initiate a self-accelerating dehydrochlorination reaction and these stabilizers neutralize the HCl produced enhancing the life of polymer. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a popular thermoplastic that's odorless, solid, brittle, and generally white in color. This process makes PVC strong, lightweight, and durable making it an ideal material for a variety of applications. It is fabricated efficiently into a wide range of both rigid and flexible products. Xytron™ (PPS)’s Withstand Durability Challenges & Extend Service Life, With UBE's Polycarbonate-based Urethane Prepolymers Series, Comprehensive Guide on Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC or Vinyl) is an economical and versatile thermoplastic polymer widely used in building and construction industry to produce door and window profiles, pipes (drinking and wastewater), wire and cable insulation, medical devices, etc. Polyvinyl chloride, PVC material is a perfect mix of desired properties for different kind of plastic products. Comparison between the properties of flexible polyvinyl chloride and rigid polyvinyl chloride [2], Thermal Insulation (Thermal Conductivity). Search results for polyvinyl chloride at Sigma-Aldrich. Flexibility can be increased over a wide range by adding varying amounts of several plasticizers such as dioctyl phthalate. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), with the molecular formula shown in Figure 1, is a relatively cheap polymer with suitable chemical characteristics for use as a membrane material. Polyvinyl chloride is most widely known for the rigid PVC pipe used in plumbing and water infrastructure systems. PVC is used in these applications because of its low cost and desirable physical and mechanical properties. Polyvinyl chloride is produced in an addition polymerisation reaction using the chloroethene (vinyl chloride) monomer. The plumbing in your house is probably PVC pipe, unless it's an older house. Table 1. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is one of the worldwide plastic used due to the inherent properties such as durability, corrosive resistance, low cost, and high performance made PVC a versatile polymer with several applications for instance, pipes, profiles, flooring, cable insulation, roofing, packaging, bottling, and the medical applications. Heat stabilisers increase the thermal stability, and lubricants reduce the melt viscosity preventing overheating. poly(vinyl chloride) information, structure, and properties. Another great posting from Arlington Machinery can be found here: https://www.arlingtonmachinery.com/blog/p.170518001/pvc-recycling-comes-into-its-own/, Your email address and name will not be published, submitting a comment or rating implies your acceptance to. Available: https://www.plasticseurope.org/application/files/6315/4510/9658/Plastics_the_facts_2018_AF_web.pdf, [2] SpecialChem, “Comprehensive Guide on Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC),” 2017. So, what is PVC? It is a naturally white and very brittle (prior to the additions of plasticizers) plastic. Its good impact strength and weatherproof attributes make it ideal for construction products.   »  Properties Comparison: Flexible PVC Vs. General information on PVC is provided here in Chapter 1, followed by introductions on four aspects of PVC; production, characteristics, safety and applications. The equipment necessary for such a process is typically very expensive. Additives are used to modify the properties of polyvinyl chloride to make it more useful. Quick Links to the Detailed Profile: Hydrophobic PVC polymers cause fouling of the membrane pores due to the adherence of organic molecules to the surface of the membrane. We connect engineers, product designers and procurement teams with the best materials and suppliers for their job. PVC is a polymer with good insulation properties, but because of its higher polar nature the electrical insulating property is inferior to non-polar polymers such as polyethylene and polypropylene. Pure PVC is white in color. 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